# Difference between revisions of "Friedlander-Iwaniec theorem"

(New page: The '''Friedlander-Iwaniec theorem''' asserts that there are infinitely many primes of the form <math>a^2+b^4</math>. A more quantitative version of this theorem asserts, among other thin...) |
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# J. Friedlander, H. Iwaniec, [http://www.pnas.org/content/94/4/1054.abstract Using a parity-sensitive sieve to count prime values of a polynomial], PNAS 1997 94:1054-1058 | # J. Friedlander, H. Iwaniec, [http://www.pnas.org/content/94/4/1054.abstract Using a parity-sensitive sieve to count prime values of a polynomial], PNAS 1997 94:1054-1058 | ||

# D.R. Heath-Brown, Primes represented by x3 +2y3; Acta Mathematica, 186 (2001), 1-84. | # D.R. Heath-Brown, Primes represented by x3 +2y3; Acta Mathematica, 186 (2001), 1-84. | ||

− | # B. Z. Moroz, [www.mpim-bonn.mpg.de/preprints/send?bid=3552 On the representation of primes by polynomials (a survey of some recent results)], Proceedings of the Mathematical Institute of the Belarussian Academy of Sciences, 13 (2005), no. 1, pp. 114-119. | + | # B. Z. Moroz, [http://www.mpim-bonn.mpg.de/preprints/send?bid=3552 On the representation of primes by polynomials (a survey of some recent results)], Proceedings of the Mathematical Institute of the Belarussian Academy of Sciences, 13 (2005), no. 1, pp. 114-119. |

== External links == | == External links == | ||

* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedlander%E2%80%93Iwaniec_theorem The Wikipedia page for this theorem] | * [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedlander%E2%80%93Iwaniec_theorem The Wikipedia page for this theorem] |

## Latest revision as of 10:08, 8 August 2009

The **Friedlander-Iwaniec theorem** asserts that there are infinitely many primes of the form [math]a^2+b^4[/math]. A more quantitative version of this theorem asserts, among other things, that there exists a k-digit prime of the form [math]a^2+b^4[/math] for every k.

The relevance of this result to the finding primes project is that the set of k-digit numbers of the form [math]a^2+b^4[/math] is relatively sparse, having cardinality [math]O( (10^k)^{3/4} )[/math], and is easy to enumerate. This allows for a deterministic prime-searching algorithm with runtime [math]O( (10^k)^{3/4} )[/math].

Heath-Brown later showed a similar result for primes of the form [math]a^3+2b^3[/math], which leads to an algorithm of runtime [math]O( (10^k)^{2/3} )[/math]. Related results for other binary cubic forms exist, see the survey of Moroz; but this is the sparsest set of polynomial forms currently known to capture primes.

- J. Friedlander, H. Iwaniec, Using a parity-sensitive sieve to count prime values of a polynomial, PNAS 1997 94:1054-1058
- D.R. Heath-Brown, Primes represented by x3 +2y3; Acta Mathematica, 186 (2001), 1-84.
- B. Z. Moroz, On the representation of primes by polynomials (a survey of some recent results), Proceedings of the Mathematical Institute of the Belarussian Academy of Sciences, 13 (2005), no. 1, pp. 114-119.